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Tile Mosaic Panel
Tile Mosaic Panel, 16th century
Iranian or Persian
Pottery, glazed
42 inches × 10 feet 6 inches (106.7 × 320 cm)
Purchased with Museum funds, 1931
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About This Panel

This large panel and others like it decorated the prayer room walls of an Islamic monastery in Isfahan, the capital city of Persia (now Iran), more than four hundred years ago. The monastery was built for followers of Sufism, a branch of Islam that stresses a direct relationship with God through simple living, meditation, and "the path of love." The thirteenth-century Sufi mystic Jalāl ad-Dīn ar-Rūmī, known by many as "Rumi," is one of the most widely read poets throughout the world today. To create this striking panel, Persian tilemakers used a difficult mosaic technique. Instead of working with small pieces of stone or glass, they covered clay tiles with colored glazes, which were then carefully cut and fit together with a template and set into wet plaster.

The overall composition is simple and symmetrical. We see a large star with sixteen points in the center, a vase with flowers on each side, and a border across the top and down each side. These three elements are placed on a smooth, brilliant turquoise field of hexagon-shaped tiles. Inside each element, however, there are complex geometric webs of curving, vinelike lines and leaf and flower shapes. Within the large star, bright white lines form an intricate radial design that jumps out from the black background, ochre flowers, and graceful blue lines. The vases sprouting teardrop shapes contain similar layers of colorful arabesque patterns. These complicated, orderly motifs express infinite perfection and precision, while the turquoise recalls clear, blue water and lush green gardens, so desirable in the dry climate of Persia.

This object is included in Learning to Look: 20 Works of Art Across Time and Cultures, a teaching kit developed by the Division of Education and made possible by the Comcast Foundation, The Delphi Project Foundation, and Reliance Standard Life Insurance Company.


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