Tray

Designed by J. Juriaan Kok, Dutch, 1861 - 1919. Made by Haagsche Plateelfabriek Rozenburg, The Hague, Netherlands, 1883 - 1917. Decoration designed and partially executed by Wilhelmus Petrus Hartgring, Dutch, 1874 - 1940.

Geography:
Made in The Hague, Netherlands, Europe

Date:
1900

Medium:
Soft-paste porcelain with enamel decoration

Dimensions:
12 x 10 5/8 inches (30.5 x 27 cm)

Curatorial Department:
European Decorative Arts and Sculpture

Object Location:

Currently not on view

Accession Number:
1975-18-1

Credit Line:
Purchased with the Fiske Kimball Fund and the Marie Kimball Fund, 1975

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Additional information:
  • PublicationPhiladelphia Museum of Art Handbook (2014 Edition)

    As director of the Rozenburg factory, Jurriaan Kok developed an innovative process for the production of an extremely thin ceramic known as eggshell porcelain. Rather than separately casting and later attaching a vessel’s spout or handles, his method allowed such parts to be cast with the body to form a seamless entity. The decoration of exotic birds and flora reflects Kok’s interest in the art of Java, then a Dutch colony, and the fine painting recalls Japanese color woodcuts. At the 1900 Universal Exposition in Paris, Rozenburg’s almost weightless porcelains were praised for their remarkable shapes and decoration. Mary Anne Dutt Justice, from Philadelphia Museum of Art: Handbook. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2014, p. 210.

  • PublicationStyles, 1850-1900

    One of the most exotic and original manifestations of the Art Nouveau style was created at the Rozenburg porcelain factory in the Netherlands. During the 1880s, when English and French factories were taking inspiration from conventional Far Eastern sources, Rozenburg's artistic director Theodorus A. C. Colenbrander discovered in brightly colored Javanese batik-printed textiles an abstract foliate style that he applied to ceramics. When J. Jurriaan Kok became director of the factory in 1894, he substituted more recognizable naturalistic decorations for these abstract forms, but the flat, outlined patterns and allover designs derived from the batiks persisted. In this tea set the parrot that ornaments the tray, teapot, and sugar bowl is set against a finely painted jungle background of textilelike geometrical and floral patterns. The decoration was probably designed as well as painted by W. P. Hartgring, with the assistance of A. J. Visser (born 1881) and F.W.H. Anslijn (1883 - 1961). It is generally believed that Kok himself designed the shapes of the Rozenburg pieces, and it was under his direction in 1899 that the factory started production of an extremely thin and translucent body known as "egg-shell" porcelain, which was particularly well suited to the sharp, angular profiles and attenuated handles and finials that became a specialty of the firm. In 1900, the year in which this tea service was made, Rozenburg entered its first international competition, at the Paris Exposition Universelle. Critics unanimously acclaimed Rozenburg's remarkable unity of ceramic body, form, and ornament, in which a continuous, flowing line integrates solid forms and empty spaces, sculpture and decoration. Kathryn B. Hiesinger, from Guides to European Decorative Arts: Styles, 1850-1900 (1984), p. 44.