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Goblet

The front is engraved with an equestrian portrait of William of Orange (William III). On back and sides are part of a version of the Orange toast: TO THE GLOREOUS PIOUS AND / IMMORTAL MEMORY OF THE GREAT / AND GOOD KING WILLIAM WHO FREED US FROM POPE AND POPERY KNAVERY AND / SLAVERY, BRASS MONEY AND WOODEN SHOES / AND HE WHO REFUSES THIS TOAST MAY BE / DAMNED, GRAMMED AND RAMMED DOWN THE GREAT / GUN OF ATHLONE.

Artist/maker unknown, English

Geography:
Made in England, Europe

Date:
Late 18th - early 19th century, with later engraving?

Medium:
Lead-crystal glass with wheel-engraved decoration

Dimensions:
8 x 3 3/16 inches (20.3 x 8.1 cm)

Curatorial Department:
European Decorative Arts and Sculpture

* Gallery 114, American Art, first floor, Case 21, English & Irish Glass

Accession Number:
1953-29-2

Credit Line:
The George H. Lorimer Collection, 1953

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Label:

The "wooden shoes" mentioned in the toast are a derogatory reference to French support and influence under Catholic Stuart rule. "Brass money" refers to the base coinage struck in 1689 on the orders of the Stuart king, James II. And "Gun of Athlone" refers to William III's awarding the title of Earl of Athlone to a Dutch general in appreciation for service in battle.

The toast continues, "The gun in the Pope's belly, the Pope in the devil's belly, the devil in Hell, Hell in flames with the gates locked and the keys in a Protestant pocket. And to hell with the Bishop of Cork." In 1713, the Bishop of Cork condemned the custom of drinking to the "immortal memory" of King William.


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