Indian and Himalayan Art
Manuscript Invoking the Protective Goddess Paldan LhamoMade in Mongolia, Asia
c. 18th century
Text composed by Shakya Gelong Changra Tulku Choje Gewang of the Lhadan Choskhor Thubstan Ling Monastery
Black, red, and yellow inks on paper; silk cover
Currently not on view
2003-144-3a,bGift of Janet M. Roberts, 2003
LabelMongolian-Buddhist books, like this hand-written example, frequently use a combination of the Tibetan and Sanskrit languages written in Tibetan dbU chen script. Here the size of the writing and the ink colors are intentionally varied to emphasize portions of the text that should be spoken louder or in unison, or to indicate when particular ritual actions accompany the recitation. The text of this manuscript invokes the goddess Paldan Lhamo.