Our Lady of Montserrat
Artist/maker unknown, Mexican
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In the background of this painting is a serrated ridge aptly named Montserrat (Mons Serratus in Latin), the famous mountain in Spain that was known as the site of the miracle of the Black Virgin. According to legend, a statue of the Virgin and Child that had been hidden in the mountain during the Moorish invasion of A.D. 717 was later miraculously rediscovered by shepherds. Both France and Spain have a long tradition of Black Virgins-statues or paintings of the enthroned Virgin and Child with dark complexions. Believers attributed the darkening of the faces to miraculous causes and related it to the Song of Solomon (Song of Songs) in the Old Testament, particularly the line, "I am black, but beautiful" (Song of Sol. 1:5).
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