Indian and Himalayan Art
Gulshan-i 'Ishq (Rose Garden of Love)Made in Andhra Pradesh, Deccan, India, Asia
Possibly made in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India, Asia
Artist/maker unknown, India
Opaque watercolor, gold, and ink on paper; leather binding with embossed gilding
Currently not on view
1945-65-22The Philip S. Collins Collection, gift of Mrs. Philip S. Collins in memory of her husband, 1945
LabelThe Gulshan-i 'Ishq was written in 1657–58 by Nusrati, court poet to Sultan Ali Adil Shah II of Bijapur. The poem’s more than 4,500 double verses in Deccani Urdu, the language of the Muslim elite in South-Central India, are written in elegant Persian naskh script. The principal story—one of connection, separation, longing, and final union of lovers—is borrowed from a North Indian Hindu love story and recast in mystical Sufi garb, with the lovers standing as a metaphor for the soul’s relationship to the divine. Refined Persian literary devices are infused with the colorful Indian narrative. This superb, complete manuscript contains ninety-six illustrations.