European Painting before 1900, Johnson Collection
The Passage of the Rhine on June 12, 1672
Studio of Adam Frans van der Meulen, French (born Flanders), 1632 - 1690
Oil on canvas
20 1/8 x 76 9/16 inches (51.1 x 194.5 cm)
* Gallery 259, European Art 1500-1850, second floor
1948-27-1Gift of James H. Hyde, 1948
Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchesse de Montpensier (niece of Louis XIV of France), called 'La Grande Mademoiselle', Château Choisy, near Paris ; subsequently moved to the Château d'Eu, the ancestral home of the Ducs de Guise and Lorraine, which was also owned by the Duchesse de Montpensier, and later passed with its contents to the king of France; Louis-Philippe I d'Orléans (1773-1850), King of France ; presumably by descent to Emmanuel d'Orléans, 8th Duc de Vendôme (1872-1931), Paris, until d. 1931 ; Sale, Duc de Vendôme, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, Dec. 4, 1931, no. 78 [as attributed to Frans van der Meulen]; purchased by Rinter [or Reinter?] . James H. Hyde, New York, by 1948 ; gift to PMA, 1948.
1. She had it displayed with other scenes of Louis XIV's military victories in a room in her Château Choisy.
2. Cat. 1836, pt. 2, no. 5.
3. Emmanuel d'Orléans was the great-grandson of King Louis-Philippe, through the king's second son Louis (1814-96), duc de Nemours.
4. Buyer name from annotated catalogue at Getty. Other lots in the sale were purchased by a Monsieur Reinter, possibly the same person.
5. Presumably the philanthropist James Hazen Hyde (1876-1959). Provenance per Peter C. Sutton, Northern European Paintings in the Philadelphia Museum of Art: From the Sixteenth through the Nineteenth Century, Philadelphia, 1990, no. 73. On the painting's reverse are the mark and initials of the Montpensier Collection, as well as the stamps of the Château d'Eu, the royal collection, and of Louis-Phillippe.
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