Modern and Contemporary Art
The HermitageMade in Montroig, Tarragona, Spain, Europe
Joan Miró, Spanish, 1893 - 1983
Oil?, crayon, and graphite on canvas© Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris
45 x 57 9/16 inches (114.3 x 146.2 cm)
* Special Exhibitions Gallery, Perelman Building, first floor
1950-134-141The Louise and Walter Arensberg Collection, 1950
With Galerie Pierre, Paris, as of June 1925 ; Louis Aragon (1897-1982), Paris ; sold to Louise and Walter C. Arensberg, Los Angeles, by June 1934, probably through Marcel Duchamp as agent ; gift to PMA, 1950.
1. The painting was exhibited in the Galerie Pierre "Exposition Joan Miró", June 12-27, 1925. See also Dupin and Lelong-Mainaud, Joan Miró: Catalogue Raisonné, Paintings, vol. 1: 1908-1930, Paris, 1999, no. 102, and Lanchner, Miró (MoMA exh. cat.), 1993, no. 36. Pierre Loeb, owner of Galerie Pierre, had a contract with Miró from 1925 onwards.
2. See Louis Aragon, "Barcelone à l'aube," Les Lettres françaises, no. 1287, June 11, 1969, p. 1: "cet 'Ermitage' que j'eus quelque temps chez moi .... Mon tableau est maintenant au Philadelphia Museum of Art." Aragon was a founder of the Surrealist literary movement in 1924, with which he broke in 1932. He met Miró in 1925 (not 1924 as Aragon stated; see Lanchner, Miró, 1993, p. 323 and p. 350, notes 223 and 225).
3. Lent by the Arensbergs to the exhibition "French Paintings from the 15th Century to the Present Day," California Palace of the Legion of Honor, June 8-July 8, 1934. In his provenance notes made for the Arensbergs dated 8 September 1951 (PMA, Arensberg Archives), Duchamp stated that "The Hermitage" was not purchased through him; however, the PMA Arensberg Archives include a photo of the painting with the title and price in Duchamp's handwriting (copy in curatorial file), indicating that he probably served as intermediary.
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