Chocolate Grinder (No. 2)
Marcel Duchamp, American (born France), 1887 - 1968
After a chance encounter with a chocolate grinder displayed in a confectioner’s window in the French city of Rouen in 1913, Duchamp made the machine the subject of two paintings, adopting a representational style that recalls the precision of an engineering diagram. His rendering flattens the image and conflates the artist’s hand with mechanical reproduction.