Opposition of Lines, Red and Yellow

Piet Mondrian, Dutch, 1872 - 1944

Date:
1937

Medium:
Oil on canvas

Dimensions:
17 1/8 x 13 1/4 inches (43.5 x 33.7 cm)

Curatorial Department:
European Painting

* Gallery 188, Modern and Contemporary Art, first floor (Brodsky Gallery)

Accession Number:
1952-61-90

Credit Line:
A. E. Gallatin Collection, 1952

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Provenance

Consigned by the artist to Valentine Gallery (Valentine Dudensing), New York; probably sold to A. E. Gallatin, New York, January 17, 1939 [1]; bequest to PMA, 1952. 1. Communications from Julia May Boddewyn, March 6 and March 24, 2017 (in curatorial file); originals: Valentine Dudensing Ledger Books, The Museum of Modern Art Archives, New York. The Valentine Gallery sales records do not give titles; however, because there are only two Mondrians listed in the records as having been sold to Gallatin or the Gallery of Living Art, and the other work has been identified as "Composition with White and Red" (1952-61-89), this painting is most likely to be the one sold on this date. In addition, Joop Joosten states that the paintings Mondrian was working to finish in December 1937 to be sent to the United States, including "Opposition of Lines: Red and Yellow" (see his letter to Winifred Nicholson, Dec. 27), were intended for Valentine Dudensing in New York (Joosten, Piet Mondrian: Catalogue Raisonné, 1998, p. 391). Gail Stavitsky argues that the painting could have been acquired directly from the artist during Gallatin's trip to Europe in the summer of 1938; she points to a visit to Mondrian in July recorded in Gallatin's appointment book (Gail Stavitsky, The Development, Institutionalization, and Impact of the A. E. Gallatin Collection of Modern Art [Ph. D. dissertation, New York University], 1990, v. 8, p. 203). However, it seems more likely that Gallatin acquired the painting from Dudensing. The acquisition was first announced by the Museum of Living Art in a press release of October 28, 1939.


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