Two Models Resting
Henri Matisse, French, 1869 - 1954
Made in France, Europe Date:
Oil on canvasDimensions:
18 1/2 x 28 7/8 inches (47 x 73.3 cm)Copyright:
© Succession H. Matisse, Paris / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New YorkCuratorial Department:
European PaintingObject Location:
Currently not on viewAccession Number:
Gift of Mrs. Frank Abercrombie Elliott, 1964
It was while living and working in Nice in the early 1920s that Henri Matisse introduced into his oeuvre the theme of the odalisque that he inherited from Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (French, 1780-1867) and Eugène Delacroix (French, 1798-1863), in which recumbent female models were dressed in brightly colored North African costumes. In this painting, the curvilinear shapes of the languid women's bodies are repeated in the organically patterned wall hangings, while the checkerboard in front of them functions as another decorative prop in a composition filled with brightly colored textiles and fabrics drawn from Matisse's vast personal collection.
Purchased from the artist by Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, summer 1937 ; sold to Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney (1899-1992), New York, December 20, 1937 ; Gwladys Hopkins Elliott (Mrs. Frank Abercrombie Elliott) (formerly Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney and Mrs. Josiah Marvel Jr.) (1905-1997); gift to PMA, 1964.
1. Matisse Gallery stockbook, purchases 1932-1947, stock no. 679 (confirmed by label removed from back of painting, in curatorial file), purchased from Henri Matisse, summer 1937, as "Repos des modèles". The stockbook is in the Pierre Matisse Gallery Archives, Pierpont Morgan Library, New York (Box 171, file 33).
2. Matisse Gallery stockbook, 1931-1942 (Matisse Gallery Archives, Box 171, file 34). Mr. Whitney was the first husband of Gwladys Hopkins Elliott, to whom he was married from 1931-1940. Her second husband, Josiah Marvel Jr. (1904-1955), was appointed first as U.S. envoy in 1946 and then ambassador to Denmark in 1947, a post he held until May 1949. According to notations added to the photo captions in Henry Clifford's copies of Courthion's and Escholier's monographs on Matisse (PMA library), "Two Models Resting" accompanied the Marvels to the American Embassy in Copenhagen. Gwladys Hopkins Marvel married Frank Abercrombie Elliott (1910-2003) in 1977.