Artist/maker unknown, Chinese
Wooden bowls in this form, some lined with metal, were used by Tibetans and Mongolians for drinking tea or fermented liquids, and they were sometimes given as gifts to the Chinese emperor. This elaborate version has a poetic inscription in Chinese that is signed “composed by the Qianlong emperor in the spring of the cyclical year bingxu” . An additional inscription in Manchu attests to the use of both Chinese and Manchu as official languages during this period. The Manchu conquered China in 1644 and founded the Qing dynasty, which lasted until 1911.