The Goddess Durga Slaying the Elephant Demon, Karindrasura (Jagaddhatri)

Artist/maker unknown, India

Geography:
Made in Calcutta (present-day Kolkata), West Bengal, India, Asia

Date:
c. 1875-1880

Medium:
Transparent, opaque, and metallic watercolors on paper

Dimensions:
Sheet: 17 3/16 × 10 13/16 inches (43.7 × 27.5 cm)

Curatorial Department:
South Asian Art

Object Location:

Currently not on view

Accession Number:
1994-148-563

Credit Line:
Stella Kramrisch Collection, 1994

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Label:
Jagaddhatri, one of the martial forms of Durga, is celebrated for defeating the elephant demon, Karindrasura. She is especially popular in West Bengal, where a special puja (Hindu worship) in her honor takes place every autumn. In souvenir paintings created at the famous Kalighat temple near Kolkata (Calcutta), she is usually shown astride her lion vehicle (vahana) which itself stands upon the elephant. Unlike other forms of Durga, Jagaddhatri has four rather than ten arms. She carries an arrow, a discus, a conch shell, and a bow. Here the image overlays a linear grid, which may have served as a compositional aid.