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The Peaceable Kingdom
The Peaceable Kingdom, 1826
Edward Hicks, American
Oil on canvas
32 7/8 x 41 3/4 inches (83.5 x 106 cm)
Bequest of Charles C. Willis, 1956
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Let's Look

  • What is going on in this picture?
  • Which animals and people seem close? Which seem farther away?
  • If you could step into this landscape, how would it feel?
  • What kind of relationship do the people and animals share? How can you tell?

Let's Look Again

  • How are the trees and ground different in the two scenes? Why might that be?
  • How did Hicks draw our eyes from one scene to the next? What separates the two scenes?
  • How do the words in the border relate to the images?
  • Edward Hicks also painted signs for a living. How is this picture like a sign? How is it different?



Connect and Compare

  • How were the Europeans’ and the Lenni Lenape’s concepts of land ownership different? How might that have affected their land agreements? Do you think land should belong to one person or to all who live on it?
  • Research the relationship between Quakers and American Indians in the years following their treaty. What other treaties were made? How and why were the Lenni Lenape forced to leave their homeland?
  • Research the history and culture of the Lenni Lenape tribe through the present day.
  • Research the life of William Penn. What were his life experiences? What were his religious and political beliefs? What values did he promote in Pennsylvania?

Related Art Project

Create peaceful paintings inspired by the work of Edward Hicks. First, look at art reproductions in print or online to find harmonious color palettes. Which seem most peaceful? Select a color palette and experiment mixing colors to achieve this palette. Then examine printouts of Hicks’s painting. Using a small viewfinder (paper or board with a rectangle cut out of the center), select a detail (people, animals, or a landscape element) that seems especially peaceful. Tape the viewfinder to the printout so that it frames the detail. Taking inspiration from the detail, paint an image in the chosen palette

For more information, please contact The Division of Education by phone at (215) 684-7580, by fax at (215) 236-4063, or by e-mail at .

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