American and Scandinavian Designs
Designed by Irving Harper, American
Painted steel, chrome-plated metal, fabric
31 x 51 x 31inches (78.7 x 129.5 x 78.7cm) Seat height: 15 inches (38.1 cm)
Gift of Marion Boulton Stroud, 1996
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Scandinavian designers, on the other hand, continued to value their native handcraft traditions, using natural as well as industrial materials, and curvilinear, sculptural shapes to express both a personal and regional identity quite different from that of modern designers elsewhere. The Danish architect Arne Jacobsen created "Ant" and "Egg" chairs, which stand as organic symbols, expressed by forms suggestive of an insect on slender metal legs and an enveloping oval shell, respectively. At Finland's Nuutajärvi glassworks and Arabia ceramics factory, Kaj Franck developed generalized tableware for multiple functions in coordinated sizes and colors, along with glass decanters in unusual shapes that could be further individualized with differently colored stoppers.