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Scourging of the Four Crowned Martyrs

Section of an altarpiece; companion panels are in the Denver Art Museum (no. E-IT-18-XV-927); the Birmingham Museum of Art, Alabama (no. 1961.119); and a private collection

Niccolò di Pietro Gerini, Italian (active Florence), first documented 1368, died 1415

Made in Italy, Europe

c. 1385-1390

Tempera, silver, and tooled gold on panel with vertical grain

23 13/16 x 17 inches (60.5 x 43.2 cm)

Curatorial Department:
European Painting

* Gallery 210, European Art 1100-1500, second floor

Accession Number:
Cat. 1163

Credit Line:
John G. Johnson Collection, 1917

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This panel illustrates a story of four Middle Eastern Christian sculptors, known as the Crowned Martyrs, who refused to carve pagan images for the Roman emperor Diocletian. In the upper left, Christ comes to comfort them during their torture, while below, devils strangle the Roman official Lampadius, who ordered the punishment.

The Four Crowned Martyrs were patron saints of the Florentine Guild of Stonemasons and Carpenters, which also included sculptors in their membership. The painting comes from an altarpiece the guild commissioned for its altar in the church of Orsanmichele in Florence.

* Works in the collection are moved off view for many different reasons. Although gallery locations on the website are updated regularly, there is no guarantee that this object will be on display on the day of your visit.