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The Large Bathers

Paul Cézanne, French, 1839 - 1906

Made in Aix-en-Provence, France, Europe


Oil on canvas

6 feet 10 7/8 inches × 8 feet 2 3/4 inches (210.5 × 250.8 cm) Framed: 7 feet 6 3/8 inches × 8 feet 10 1/4 inches × 3 inches (229.6 × 269.9 × 7.6 cm)

Curatorial Department:
European Painting

* Gallery 264, European Art 1850-1900, second floor (Women´s Committee Gallery)

Accession Number:

Credit Line:
Purchased with the W. P. Wilstach Fund, 1937

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This is the largest, the last, and in many ways, the most ambitious work from Cézanne’s lifelong exploration of the time-honored theme of nudes in a landscape. It is also, perhaps, in its unfinished state, the purest and most serene witness to the man whom Paul Gauguin described as spending “entire days on mountaintops reading Virgil,” dreaming of wooded glades populated with beautiful figures who, if not exactly participants in a narrative as such, are full of animation and interaction. Perhaps it is its grand nobility—its authority as something beyond time, “like art in the museums,” as Cézanne said—that made it so attractive to many artists.


Estate of Paul Cézanne, 1906; purchased by Ambroise Vollard, Paris from Cézanne's son, 1907; Auguste Pellerin (1852-1929), Paris, by 1923; by descent to his son Jean-Victor Pellerin, Paris, 1929-1936 [1]; with Wildenstein & Co., New York, acting as agent for Pellerin, 1936 [2]; purchased by the City of Philadelphia with the W. P. Wilstach Fund, July 6, 1937 [3]. 1. Lent by M. and Mme. Pellerin to the 1936 exhibition "Cézanne", Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris, no. 107. 2. Provenance per John Rewald, The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: A Catalogue Raisonné, New York, 1996, no. 857. See also Joseph Rishel, Cézanne in Philadelphia Collections, Philadelphia, 1983, p. xvi. 3. Copy of dated receipt in registrar file.

* Works in the collection are moved off view for many different reasons. Although gallery locations on the website are updated regularly, there is no guarantee that this object will be on display on the day of your visit.