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Thirma Phulkari

Artist/maker unknown, Punjabi

Made in Punjab, western Punjab, Pakistan, Asia

19th century

Handspun, handwoven cotton plain weave (khaddar) with silk embroidery in darning, pattern darning, and chain stitches

8 feet 10 1/4 inches × 54 inches (269.9 × 137.2 cm)

Curatorial Department:
Costume and Textiles

Object Location:

Currently not on view

Accession Number:

Credit Line:
The Jill and Sheldon Bonovitz Phulkari Collection

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The embroidery of both this phulkari is stitched on a finely-woven white khaddar. This provides the common name of thirma (white) phulkari, which are typically worn by older women. The phulkari shows a pattern reminiscent of the weaving technique called ikat, distinguished by the spikey or blurry irregularities of its design that is a result of the threads being dyed and then woven together to create the pattern (rather than the pattern being dyed onto finished cloth). The technique, color, and pattern seen in this thirma phulkari indicate it originated in western Punjab, now in Pakistan.