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Ruba'i in Naskhi Script

Calligraphy by Abd Al-karim

Made in India, Asia

1863 (1280 Hijra)

Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper

Image: 10 1/16 × 5 3/8 inches (25.6 × 13.7 cm) Sheet: 15 1/8 × 9 7/8 inches (38.4 × 25.1 cm)

Curatorial Department:
South Asian Art

Object Location:

Currently not on view

Accession Number:

Credit Line:
The India Collection: Gift of the British Government, 1878

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As its Arabic name implies, the ruba'i form of poetry consists of four lines of rhyming verse. A theme is introduced in the first line and then developed in the second. The third line may not rhyme if the poet desires a dramatic pause, as in these quatrains. The fourth line serves as a finale. The ruba'i form is typically selected for expressing personal sentiments. Here Nawab Muhammad Vizier Khan Bahadur speaks of Queen Victoria's generosity and splendor while emphasizing his own sincerity and trust.