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Mandala (Satchakravarti Samvara Mandala)
Mandala for the Circle of Bliss Teachings
Named the "Satchakravarti Samvara Mandala"
Thangka (Hanging Painting)

Artist/maker unknown, Tibetan

Made in Tibet, Asia
Probably made in Ngor Monastery, Tsang Province, Tibet, Asia

c. 15th century

Colors on cloth; cloth mounting

Image: 32 1/4 × 28 1/2 inches (81.9 × 72.4 cm) Mount: 52 × 32 inches (132.1 × 81.3 cm) Frame: 60 1/4 × 35 1/2 × 2 1/8 inches (153 × 90.2 × 5.4 cm)

Curatorial Department:
South Asian Art

Object Location:

Currently not on view

Accession Number:

Credit Line:
Purchased with the John T. Morris Fund, 1963

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In Tibetan Buddhism the term “mandala” usually refers to a purified and sacred cosmos that is visualized by practitioners in the form of the celestial mansion of a tantric buddha. Thus this painting is a two-dimensional representation of a three-dimensional residence. The mansion contains four elaborate gateways and is surrounded by a ring of lotuses and a wall of fire. Inside, the central deity of the mandala, Jnanadaka, shown in sexual union with his consort, sits within his own smaller mandala. This in turn is surrounded by five other small mandalas, each housing another buddha. Depicted in the upper and lower registers and in the four corners are deities associated with the Chakrasamvara (Circle of Bliss) teachings, to which this mandala belongs.