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A Lonely Woman among Deer (Todi Ragini)
Page from a dispersed ragamala (garland of musical modes) series

Artist/maker unknown, Indian

Made in India, Asia
Possibly made in Andhra Pradesh, India, Asia
Possibly made in Telangana, India, Asia

c. 1725

Opaque watercolor, gold, and silver-colored paint on paper

Image: 9 1/2 × 5 7/8 inches (24.1 × 14.9 cm) Sheet: 17 1/8 × 9 5/8 inches (43.5 × 24.4 cm)

Curatorial Department:
South Asian Art

Object Location:

Currently not on view

Accession Number:

Credit Line:
Purchased with the Katharine Levin Farrell Fund, 1977

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Paintings using romantic imagery to simultaneously illustrate the modes of Indian music (ragas) and represent a variety of love relationships were produced in sets known as ragamalas, or ”garlands of ragas.” Todi Ragini personifies a musical mode that expresses the sentiment of a young woman passionately in love. Resting against her shoulder is her vina (lute), but only the playful deer can hear her sad, longing melody. The remoteness of the landscape, with its flat layers of metallic and cool colors, combines with the attentive animals to conjure a mood of tender longing.