Gallican Psalter with Calendar, Canticles, Litany, and Collects
Flanders, c. 1470
David in the Watery Deep. Psalters
were still being created for lay patrons well into the fifteenth
century, although Books of Hours superseded their popularity in
the early fourteenth century. This large-format Psalter was made
in Flanders for an English patron. The miniature before Psalm 68
depicts David standing in a lake, illustrating verse 1 of the psalm,
"Save me, O God: for the waters are come in even unto my soul."
Two young men mock him, referring to verse 13, "They that drank
wine made me their song."
Library of Philadelphia, Rare Book Department, Lewis E 182,