Alice Neel's daring portraits of people and places are among the most insightful images in 20th-century American art. To celebrate the centennial of her birth, the Philadelphia Museum of Art has organized Alice Neel, the first full-scale examination of her inspiring and provocative life and work. Organized with the full cooperation of the artist's family, this exhibition features 75 paintings and watercolors, many of which have never been previously exhibited. Alice Neel will debut at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, from June 29 through September 17, 2000, and continue its national tour at the Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy, Andover, October 7 through December 31, 2000; the Philadelphia Museum of Art, February 18 through April 15, 2001; and the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, June 10 through September 2, 2001.
Born in 1900 in suburban Philadelphia, Neel led a rich and complicated life, filled with friends, lovers, family, fellow artists, and a strong sense of community and social activism. A 1925 graduate of the Philadelphia School of Design for Women (now Moore College of Art and Design), Neel spent a year in Havana, then moved with her husband to New York City, where she remained the rest of her life. In the 1930s, her subjects included the colorful Greenwich Village poets and writers, as well as friends and family. Neel's revolutionary nude portraits of figures such as her young daughter Isabetta and the bohemian icon Joe Gould are still audacious images. Employed by the W.P.A. during the Great Depression, Neel painted scenes of the city street that reflect her trenchant concern for the dispossessed: striking workers, impoverished families, and the homeless. Among the highlights of Alice Neel are works from the Depression era that have never been exhibited previously in a museum.
During the postwar era, when the tide of the art world had turned toward abstraction, Neel remained committed to the representation of the human figure. She was steadfast in depicting the world around her with compassion, acuity and freedom. Neel always displayed her empathy for her subjects--from her young sons or her dying mother to left-wing activists. Portraits of her neighbors in Spanish Harlem employ humor and insight to great effect--both tender and unforgiving at once.
In the early 1960s Neel received her first recognition outside a small circle of admirers. Her astounding emergence, late in life, corresponded with the dawning of the women's movement and with the art world's reawakened interest in the human figure. Neel's work of the next two decades reflects her increasing celebrity. Her portraits of fellow artists--including Andy Warhol, Frank O'Hara, Robert Smithson, and Faith Ringgold--document a professional world in which Neel was suddenly a seemingly improbable star. It was during these years that Neel perfected the style for which she is now best remembered: large-scale portraits in the realist tradition of Thomas Eakins and Robert Henri, but newly inventive and unforgettably direct.
A centennial salute from the artist's native city of Philadelphia, whose culture and Museum she treasured, Alice Neel marks an opportune moment for a first full appraisal. With the new century comes a reevaluation of the modernist canon, which emphasized abstraction at the expense of adventurous figurative artists. The present-day resurgence of portraiture as a vibrant field for both veteran and emerging artists confirms Alice Neel's ongoing legacy.
Alice Neel will be accompanied by a fully illustrated catalogue with essays and entries by Ann Temkin, The Muriel and Philip Berman Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Assistant Curator Susan Rosenberg, and Richard Flood, Chief Curator at the Walker Art Center. Temkin discusses Neel's interconnection of life and art; Rosenberg explores Neel's artistic roots in the 1930s; and Flood focuses on the art-world portraits of the 1960s and '70s. The catalogue also includes reminiscences by Neel's subjects, and the first detailed chronology of Neel's life, richly illustrated with many never-before-published photographs.
Alice Neel was organized by the Philadelphia Museum of Art with the support of The William Penn Foundation, The Pew Charitable Trusts, Agnes Gund and Daniel Shapiro, The Women's Committee of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and Alice's List, a consortium of individual donors. Corporate sponsorship was provided by AT&T.