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Kitchen, First Floor, Mueller House, Millbach, Lebanon County

Artist/maker unknown, American, Pennsylvania German

Made in Millbach Township, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America

c. 1752

Oak, chestnut, poplar, pine, iron, granite (wood shows evidence of blue, white and oak grain paint)

10 feet 4 inches × 28 feet 10 inches × 20 feet 6 inches (315 × 878.8 × 624.8 cm) Mantel Shelf: 1 feet 8 inches x 12 feet 6 1/2 inches x 6 inches (50.8 x 382.3 x 15.2 cm) Door Under Stair: 6 feet × 31 inches × 1 1/4 inches (182.9 × 78.7 × 3.2 cm) 8-Panel 2 part door at far end of room: 6 feet 2 inches × 41 inches × 1 7/16 inches (188 × 104.1 × 3.7 cm) Door to PR of fireplace: 6 feet 4 1/2 inches × 38 inches × 1 1/4 inches (194.3 × 96.5 × 3.2 cm) Cabinet: 44 1/2 × 32 × 13 1/2 inches (113 × 81.3 × 34.3 cm) Lock on Door (PR of fireplace): 4 1/2 × 12 × 3 3/4 inches (11.4 × 30.5 × 9.5 cm)

Curatorial Department:
American Art

* Gallery 385, American Art, third floor

Accession Number:

Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont and Mr. and Mrs. Lammot du Pont, 1926

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The architecture, decoration, and furnishings of this room illustrate the transplantation of Germanic traditions in colonial America.

During the second quarter of the eighteenth century, large populations of German speaking immigrants from throughout northern and central Europe established agricultural communities in Pennsylvania. They brought with them a variety of domestic forms, designs, skills, and customs. Craftsmen imbued these traditions with new energy and influences, modifying them in each succeeding generation.

The interior woodwork of this Pennsylvania German kitchen was originally part of a two-story rubblestone house that was completed in 1752 for Georg Müller, a prosperous mill owner in Millbach, a small community in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania. This traditional interior retains many features from Germanic house types. The massive molded beam construction, square newel post and stair balusters , and raised carved panels and shaped wrought-iron hinges on the doors all have precedents in late seventeenth-century and early eighteenth-century Germanic design.

Fitted with a large cooking hearth and furnished with work tables, rooms like this served as a center for a wide range of daily household activities.

* Works in the collection are moved off view for many different reasons. Although gallery locations on the website are updated regularly, there is no guarantee that this object will be on display on the day of your visit.